A Guide to HVAC Systems

Intro to HVAC

Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning (HVAC) systems are crucial for maintaining indoor comfort. They regulate temperature, manage humidity, and ensure clean air circulation. From basic principles to system types, this guide aims to educate on HVAC essentials.

Central vs. Mini-Split Systems

Central HVAC systems utilize ductwork to distribute air, ideal for suitable climate control across large areas. Alternatively, mini split systems offer ductless operation, providing targeted heating or cooling to specific rooms or spaces. The choice between central and mini-split systems depends on factors like installation feasibility, space requirements, and your desired temperature zoning.

Why we choose Mitsubishi

Mitsubishi Electric offers a variety of residential HVAC systems designed for energy efficiency and customizable comfort. Their heat pump technology is ideal for all climates, ensuring lower environmental impact and up to 40% more efficiency compared to conventional systems. Options include ducted and ductless setups, enabling precise temperature control in one room or across the entire home.

Common Heat Pump Questions

Whether you need a backup heat source for your heat pump depends on the type of system you have installed. For central air, an integrated backup heat source, typically electric or propane, is already part of the system. Ductless mini split systems, on the other hand, might utilize any existing heat sources in your home as a backup.

Heat pumps serve as the primary source of heat, with the backup only kicking in under extreme cold conditions that exceed the pump’s heating capacity. For instance, Mitsubishi Electric’s Mr. Slim models, offered by Tradewinds, are designed to operate efficiently in temperatures as low as -25°C. The necessity for a backup arises only when your home’s heat loss surpasses what your mini-split system can handle.

Heat pumps are versatile in their control options, including wall-mounted controls and remote controls. These systems can be programmed with timers for automatic operation and adjusted manually for your comfort and convenience.

Efficiency between ducted and ductless systems can vary based on several factors, such as your home’s size and layout. Generally, ductless systems are more efficient due to their ability to reduce heat loss associated with ductwork. Nonetheless, both systems offer exceptional efficiency. To put it in perspective, while a new oil furnace may boast an 85% efficiency rating and propane systems around 94%, electric heaters achieve 100%. Ducted and ductless heat pumps, however, operate at around 350% efficiency, potentially slashing your heating costs by 60%-70%.

The ideal location for your heat pump can vary, as each home has its own unique layout. Typically, we recommend installing the indoor unit on an exterior wall, approximately 4 inches below the ceiling, in the most spacious room or common area like living rooms or kitchens. This placement helps in achieving optimal air distribution. For a tailored solution, our qualified estimators provide in-home visits to assess the best installation spots based on your home’s specific airflow dynamics.

Not at all. Heat pumps are designed with aesthetics and space efficiency in mind. The indoor units of mini split systems are sleek and compact, blending into your home’s decor while operating quietly. They’re engineered to be as inconspicuous as possible, both in terms of physical presence and sound.

At Tradewinds, we offer competitive pricing for our high-quality heat pump systems. The average installation cost for a ductless heat pump system ranges between $3,000 and $4,000 for a single indoor zone and Central air systems typically start at about $8,000. Despite the upfront cost, the significant savings on heating bills make heat pumps a cost-effective choice in the long run.

There are various incentives available for installing ENERGY STAR® rated heat pumps. For detailed information on available programs in your area, please visit the Office of Energy Efficiency PEI and the Energy Efficiency NB websites. These incentives can help offset the initial cost of installation, making it even more affordable to switch to a heat pump.

Choosing the right size for your heat pump system is crucial for efficient operation. For ductless systems, sizing is determined based on the specific heating and cooling needs of each zone in your home. Ducted systems are designed to heat your entire home, with duct sizing ensuring efficient heat distribution. Our team conducts free in-home inspections to accurately assess and recommend the appropriate system size for your needs.

Maintaining a ductless heat pump is straightforward and often manageable by homeowners. Regular cleaning of filters and coils is typically all that’s required to maintain optimal performance. Tradewinds also offers regular maintenance programs if you prefer professional servicing.

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New Brunswick / Greater Moncton

SALES & SERVICE – 506-871-7466

1067 Champlain St , Unit 110
Dieppe, New Brunswick E1A 1P9

New Brunswick / Port Landry

SALES & SERVICE – 506-726-0771

5604 NB-160,
Point-Landary, New Brunswick E1X 2S4

Prince Edward Island / Charlottetown

SALES & SERVICE – 506-871-7466

1067 Champlain St , Unit 110
Dieppe, New Brunswick E1A 1P9

Enjoy peace of mind with comprehensive coverage on every component, from the smallest motor to your whole system.


We’re the Largest authorized Mitsubishi Electric dealer in New Brunswick and the longest established in PEI.